Statistics Canada released its latest data on population on Monday.
The agency estimates that Canada’s population of 1.8 billion people was just under 1.5 million people higher than the world average.
Alberta, with an estimated population of 5.3 million people, had the lowest number of people.
The highest number was in Saskatchewan, which has an estimated 5.6 million people.
Statistics Canada’s data was released in the context of a national election campaign in which the country was grappling with a surge in illegal immigrants, particularly from Mexico.
There were an estimated 7 million illegal immigrants living in Canada in 2017, and an estimated 20 million more in 2020.
The number of illegal immigrants in Canada has grown by about 70 per cent since 2009, with about 60 per cent of the new arrivals coming from Mexico and the Caribbean.
The country’s overall illegal immigrant population increased by more than 1.4 million people in 2017 to 2.6 per cent.